The Science of Pores: Causes and Treatments for Enlarged Pores

Bigger is often better, but not when it comes to your pores. Enlarged pores cause skin to look rough, oily, or unrefined. Trying to cover up larger pores with makeup only exacerbates the problem and does not address the issue itself. While there is no quick fix, with diligent care and attention, you can minimize the look of your pores, which will give you a smoother complexion that glows in just the right way.

 To best shrink the appearance of enlarged or filled pores, we suggest a variety of treatments that go straight to the core of the issue. To understand why these treatments help, you need to first understand what pores are and what causes enlarged pores.

What are pores?

 You can see them on your face sometimes with and sometimes without a magnifying mirror. Pores are the tiny openings in the skin that help your skin pass oil and sweat. Each pore has a hair follicle and a sebaceous (a.k.a. oil) gland. The sebaceous glands produce sebum, which lubricates the skin. That means, pores have an important function as conduits.


How do pores get enlarged?

 Aesthetic complaints arise when pores get or appear larger, and this can happen for a variety of reasons. Aging and loss of elasticity, which lead to sagging skin, can cause your pores to get bigger as they are dragged down with the skin. Think of this sort of like what happens when you put a heavy earring in a pierced ear and the hole looks larger.

 When sebaceous glands produce more sebum, pores will also look larger. This can happen when someone has oily skin or through the effects of hormonal changes or increased sun exposure, which cause pores to look larger. Finally, some people just genetically have larger pores.  

 Acne, which occurs when pores get clogged and sebum cannot get out to complete its task of lubrication, is one result of enlarged pores. Worse, it also makes pores larger, which compounds the issue.


Treatments to clean enlarged pores

 Considering the nature of pores, it’s not surprising that to address enlarged pores, the first step is to clean them. Making sure the pore has a clear pathway for the sebum to travel to the surface of the skin is key to maintaining healthy pores. This is where our DiamondGlow facial comes in.

 The DiamondGlow facial is the latest in microdermabrasion that simultaneously exfoliates, extracts, and infuses your skin with nourishing serums. The key words here when it comes to pores are exfoliation and extraction. With this medical-grade facial, dead skin cells are removed from the surface of the skin while pores are unclogged through the use of a powerful closed-loop vacuum system. Results go far beyond what can be achieved at home with topical exfoliation.

 This facial also infuses skin with condition-specific serums to promote a healthy, smooth, and even complexion. We recommend DiamondGlow for patients experiencing excessive oil production, congestive pores, acne, and rough texture, as well as hyperpigmentation and fine lines.


Maintaining minimalism

 For anyone who battles with enlarged pores, DiamondGlow provides an ideal option as a regular, monthly facial. Additionally, we offer several skin-altering treatments that can take your small pore journey to the next level. These also work to repair damage already caused by your history with enlarged pores.

 Acne and rosacea sufferers know that enlarged pores can imprint the skin with redness and scarring. A series of Photofacials, also known as intense pulsed light (IPL) treatments, improve these conditions, as well as benefit the look of pores. The IPL Photofacial sends laser energy below the skin to destroy blemish-causing blood vessels and melanin. The surface of the skin is significantly improved with a smoother, more even tone.

 To rejuvenate skin and create a healthy glow, The Eraser Plus with Exosomes addresses multiple causes of enlarged pores. This treatment combines microneedling with the power of exosomes, vesicles that are responsible for cell-to-cell communication. Microneedling is also called collagen induction therapy, which should offer a clue to its abilities. During a micro needling treatment, small portals are opened in the skin through the use of many extra-fine needles. This minute damage to the skin’s surface, causes the body’s natural healing mechanisms to kick in, restructuring the skin and boosting collagen production. Remember, a loss of elasticity is one cause of enlarged pores, so more collagen is going to help. Adding exosomes to a microneedling treatment allows those extra-cellular powerhouses to penetrate the skin and get to work rejuvenating cells from deep below.

 While treatments like facials, lasers, and microneedling provide visible, long-lasting benefits, your daily routine will significantly affect the appearance of your pores. Two products we love for keeping them small and your skin smooth are Greenwich Skinlabs ReVive Retexturizing Brightener and SkinMedica Age Defense Retinol Complex. With advanced retinoic acid ester, TCA, and antioxidants like vitamins C, E, & Ferulic, the ReVive Retexturizing Brightener evens skin tone and smooths skin texture, offering visible results with minimal irritation. For fans of retinol products, SkinMedica offers three strengths that enhance the skin’s appearance, promote cell renewal, and improve elasticity.

Whatever the cause of your larger pores, by putting effort into keeping them clean and creating a smoother skin surface through aesthetic treatments and ongoing care, you can successfully minimize their look today and for the future. Get in touch to learn more!